Fishing is an important source of employment and foreign earnings. St Helena’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) extends to 200 miles offshore, and at present remains largely unexplored and unexploited. Until fairly recently only waters within 12-15 miles of Saint Helena were regularly fished. The island has recently purchased an offshore fishing vessel, which will open up opportunities for a number of smaller vessels to extend their range. Exploiting the fishery further and exploring opportunities for secondary processing is a key priority. Catches are processed through a plant and cold storage facility in Rupert’s Valley. The main fish stocks are yellow-fin, long-fin, big-eye, skipjack tuna and wahoo – the island also has blue marlin, one of world’s most sought after sports fish.
- The recent purchase of an offshore fishing vessel by the local industry, will allow for expansion of the local industry.
- The area of sports fishing is set to rise with the increasing accessibility of the island, with the completion of the St Helena airport in 2016.
- The development of the fishing industry will offer key opportunities for secondary processing facilities.